The vehicle’s braking system is considered part of the safety features a car must be stable with. In relation to this, it’s important also to know some of the basic parts of this system, and that includes what we call as “brake caliper pistons.” This is somewhat new to an amateur car owner, but then, knowing all the information related to this is very important especially when doing preventive maintenance and other car-related tasks. Having a properly-maintained braking system is essential to avoid accidents and damages along the way, and for sure will make the car last longer.
Several questions may be brought up like asking these set of questions: What is its function? How to tell if you have single or dual piston calipers? Is knowing this necessarily important? Don’t worry. We’ll have that tackled in this article.
Know the basics first. What are piston calipers?
In a nutshell, piston calipers are responsible for allowing the brake pads to make contact with the brake pads. This in turn slows the car, therefore, pistons in brake calipers are very important in the vehicle’s braking system. They are designed to fit on the rotor of the wheel, something like a clamp, to keep the wheel from turning when the brakes are stepped on. The catalyst of the pressure is the brake fluid on the pistons after stepping on the brake pedal. When this happens, the pads are forced against the rotor of the brake and then slows the car. When your foot has been taken off the brake pedal, the pistons and the pads withdraw, meaning, the brake fluid pressure and the piston seals are dropped, which allows them to return to the status of being uncompressed.
As an additional information, usually, brake calipers pistons are made from steel, aluminum or plastic. If made up of steel, the brake caliper pistons are designed strong. If aluminum, it’s not heavy but a disadvantage of it is that it can cause brake fade because it can transmit a lot of heat to the brake fluid. As to having a plastic (Phenloic) brake caliper piston, this is much more used in heavy-braking settings just like in a motorsport. Why? This is because plastics don’t conduct heat.
Learn to differentiate single piston calipers from dual piston calipers
“How to tell if you have single or dual piston calipers?” This is an unlikely question for a new car owner because this is normally not the focus on a newly-bought car. However in the long run, when there is a need for maintenance, this question may come. To have an advance know-how regarding this, let us look at the following details.
By looking directly at the brake calipers, you can easily tell if your car has single or dual pistons. Basically, if you have one piston, then you have a single brake piston caliper. If you have two pistons, then of course, you have a dual brake piston caliper. It’s as simple as that.
To add up to the details, it is possible to have one piston only on one side and the other side doesn’t have, or one piston on both sides, or two pistons only on one side and no piston on the other side. Moreover, pistons can be more than two, so it is also possible to have 3 piston brake caliper or 4 or 6 piston calipers, depending on the number of pistons on each side. If there is really a need to count the number of pistons in your brake calipers, then the best way to check on that is to take them off and take the brake pads out.
Dual piston brake caliper vs single piston brake caliper
- Single piston calipers
- The brake pad’s footprint is limited to the piston’s diameter. The diameter is basically dependent on the dimensions of the brake pads and the rotor
- Uneven distribution of friction is created when the pad is flexed. This is because of the pad being too long, that’s why it flexes
- Unwanted noise is being created because of the uneven friction
- Safety is being compromised because if flexing is more than enough, there is a tendency that the friction material can be detached from the backing plate
- Dual piston calipers
- Usually have larger brake pads and allows pressure to be evenly distributed
- Having this larger brake pad absorbs more heat (initially) with less thermal shock
- Lesser chances of being damaged in a shorter time because of having better characteristics and the pressure is being evenly distributed. In other words, the brake pads will have a longer life
- Unlike the single piston, dual piston calipers can absorb more unwanted noise and vibration because it can cover the rotor more due to its larger dimension
- Can possibly save more fuel and avoid the car from being dragged. This is primarily because dual pistons have a more aggressive piston seal that can effectively pull back the brake pads after the brake is released.
Are all of these information helpful? Yes, of course. For new car owners, this is added knowledge that they can store in their heads which they can use if time and circumstances require.
So, “how to tell if you have single or dual piston calipers?” For sure, you can already answer in a blink of an eye. This is a simple question but might sound deep especially for newbies. Learn to appreciate this automotive basics because in due time, this will surely help you. There is nothing wrong with doing research or even asking questions to car experts because they also were once like that. As long as you are eager to learn, then that’s already a plus for you.
Make time in educating yourself. We always reap what we sow. Keep learning!